The Essential Travel Guide to Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

The Essential Travel Guide to Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

As a frequent traveler and Vietnam expert, I'm delighted to provide this extensive travel guide to Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Known locally as Saigon, Ho Chi Minh City is Vietnam's largest and most vibrant city. With its rich history, delicious food, fascinating culture, and energetic atmosphere, Ho Chi Minh City is a must-visit destination in Southeast Asia.

  1. Overview of Ho Chi Minh City
  2. Planning Your Visit
    1. When to Go
    2. Getting There
    3. Getting Around
    4. Where to Stay
  3. Top Things To Do
    1. Historical Sites
    2. Religious Sites
    3. Markets and Shopping
    4. Museums and Galleries
    5. Parks and Recreation
  4. Experience the Food
  5. Day Trip Ideas
  6. Safety Tips
  7. Travel Checklist
    1. Dry Season (November to April): Pleasant Weather and Sunshine
    2. Shoulder Months (October and May): Less Crowded and Enjoyable
    3. Factors to Consider
    4. Taxis: Convenient and Accessible
    5. Metered Grab Cars: Ride-Hailing Convenience
    6. Public Buses: Budget-Friendly Option
    7. Ho Chi Minh City Tourist Card: Unlimited Public Transportation
    8. Airport Shuttles: Hotel Services
    9. Pre-arranged Transportation: Peace of Mind
    10. Important Tips:
    11. Explore Ben Thanh Market: A Feast for the Senses
    12. Pay Homage at the Notre Dame Cathedral: Architectural Splendor
    13. Learn About History at the War Remnants Museum: A Sobering Journey
    14. Cruise the Cu Chi Tunnels: Underground Intricacies
    15. Experience the Reunification Palace: Witness to History
    16. Indulge in Street Food: Culinary Delights
    17. Sip Coffee Like a Local: Ca Phe Sua Da Delight
    18. Experience the Rooftop Bar Scene: Sky-high Indulgence
    19. Catch a Water Puppet Show: Traditional Artistry
    20. Barter at the Night Market: Cholon's Bustling Bazaar
    21. Explore the Mekong Delta: Riverine Serenity
    22. Hike to Cao Dai Temple: Syncretic Spirituality
    23. Relax on Long Beach: Coastal Serenity
    24. Discover the Tunnels of Cu Chi: Underground History
    25. Visit Ben Tre Province: Mekong Delta Traditions

Overview of Ho Chi Minh City

Ho Chi Minh City is located in southern Vietnam. With over 9 million residents, it's the most populated city in the country. Formerly known as Saigon, the city was renamed Ho Chi Minh City after the end of the Vietnam War in 1975. However, locals still commonly refer to it as Saigon.

Here's a quick overview of Ho Chi Minh City:

  • Population: Over 9 million
  • Language: Vietnamese is the official language. English is spoken at many hotels and restaurants.
  • Currency: Vietnamese dong (VND). ATMs and money exchanges are easy to find.
  • Weather: Hot and humid year-round. The dry season is from December to April.
  • Top attractions: Notre Dame Cathedral, Reunification Palace, Cu Chi Tunnels, Ben Thanh Market

Below you'll find in-depth information on planning your visit, including how to get around, where to stay, top things to do, and delicious Vietnamese food to try. As a frequent Vietnam traveler, I've provided insider tips throughout this guide.

Planning Your Visit

When to Go

The best time to visit Ho Chi Minh City is during the dry season from December to April. This avoids the hottest and most humid weather.

  • December-February - Cooler and less humid. Peak tourism season with higher prices.
  • March-April - Warm and dry. Shoulder season with good prices.
  • May-November - Hot, humid, and rainy. Low season with cheaper prices.

Getting There

  • By plane - Tan Son Nhat International Airport (SGN) is located just 7km from the city center. There are direct flights to Ho Chi Minh City from major hubs around the world.
  • By train - Several overnight trains connect Ho Chi Minh City to other destinations in Vietnam like Nha Trang, Da Nang, and Hanoi. Book tickets in advance.
  • By bus - Comfortable sleeper buses run to Ho Chi Minh City from Cambodia, Laos, and other parts of Vietnam.

Getting Around

Ho Chi Minh City can be chaotic, but it's easy to get around:

  • By taxi - Taxis are cheap. Uber and Grab are also available. Agree on a price before getting in.
  • By motorbike taxi (xe ôm) - Hop on the back of a motorbike to get around like a local. Negotiate the fare upfront.
  • On foot - The city center is compact and walkable. Watch out for motorbikes!
  • By bus - Public buses are hot and crowded but very affordable.
  • By cyclo - Take a relaxing ride in a pedal-powered cyclo around major attractions.

Where to Stay

Ho Chi Minh City offers accommodations to fit every budget:

District 1Upscale area with luxury hotels and backpacker hostels. Very central location.
Pham Ngu Lao"Backpacker district" with budget guesthouses and hotels. Lively atmosphere.
District 3Quieter local area with good mid-range hotels and guesthouses.
District 5Chinatown with Chinese temples and markets. Affordable lodging.

I recommend staying in District 1 or Pham Ngu Lao if you want to be centrally located. Check reviews and photos before booking.

Insider Tip: Book accommodations well in advance if visiting during the peak season from December to February.

Top Things To Do

With its French colonial landmarks, war history, tasty food scene, and energetic city vibe, Ho Chi Minh City offers something for all travelers. Here are the top attractions and activities you shouldn't miss:

Historical Sites

  • Reunification Palace - Iconic site where the Vietnam War ended in 1975. Explore the preserved rooms and wartime bunker.
  • War Remnants Museum - Powerful museum chronicling the Vietnam War from the Vietnamese perspective.
  • Cu Chi Tunnels - The 250 km long underground network used by the Viet Cong during the war. See trap doors and hidden entrances.

Insider Tip: Hire a knowledgeable local guide to provide context and personal stories at historical sites.

Religious Sites

  • Notre Dame Cathedral - Neo-Romanesque cathedral built during French colonial rule in the late 1800s.
  • Central Post Office - Next to the cathedral, this grand building with a tiled interior still functions as the city's post office.
  • Jade Emperor Pagoda - Atmospheric Taoist temple with smoky incense and colorful shrines.

Markets and Shopping

  • Ben Thanh Market - Lively market selling souvenirs, clothing, snacks, and fresh produce. Bargaining is expected.
  • Dong Khoi Street - Tree-lined street with high-end shops, hotels, and galleries.
  • Bui Vien Street - Backpacker area with cheap souvenirs, T-shirts, and knock-off gear. Fun nightlife.

Insider Tip: Visit Ben Thanh Market early to see locals bartering over fresh ingredients for their daily meals.

Museums and Galleries

  • Ho Chi Minh City Museum - Learn about the city's history from prehistoric times to today. Don't miss the rooftop cafe.
  • Fine Arts Museum - Housed in a grand Sino-French mansion, this museum displays modern and contemporary Vietnamese art.
  • 3D Art in Paradise - Quirky gallery with interactive 3D murals and illusions. Fun for kids and kids at heart.

Parks and Recreation

  • Saigon Skydeck - Fantastic city views from the 49th floor of the Bitexco Financial Tower.
  • Dam Sen Water Park - Massive water park with slides, rides, and pools. A fun way to escape the heat.
  • Saigon Zoo and Botanical Gardens - Relax among tropical plants and trees. See elephants, gibbons, and native wildlife.

Experience the Food

Vietnamese cuisine is fresh, tasty, and packed with intense flavors. Don't leave Ho Chi Minh City without trying:

  • Pho - Fragrant beef or chicken noodle soup. A classic Vietnamese staple.
  • Banh mi - Baguette sandwiches filled with pork, chicken, or fried egg.
  • Spring rolls - Crispy rolls stuffed with pork, shrimp, herbs and rice noodles. Dip in sweet chili sauce.
  • Ca phe - Intense Vietnamese coffee served hot or iced. Get it with sweetened condensed milk.
  • Banh xeo - Savory crepes filled with pork, shrimp, and bean sprouts.

Insider Tip: Eat street food at local markets and roadside stalls to get the most authentic Vietnamese cuisine.

DishDescriptionPrice Range
Bun chaGrilled pork with rice noodles and herbs.$3-5
Banh cuonSteamed rice rolls with minced pork and mushrooms.$2-3
Banh khotMini savory pancakes with shrimp and scallions.$5-10

The city also has an emerging foodie scene with world-class restaurants and rooftop bars:

  • Nha Hang Ngon - Open-air restaurant with cooking stations preparing traditional dishes.
  • Quan Bui - Trendy gastro bar popular with locals. Creative Vietnamese small plates.
  • Chill Skybar - Sip cocktails at this lively rooftop bar with panoramic city views.

Day Trip Ideas

Escape the city crowds and explore the surrounding areas:

  • Mekong Delta - Float along lush canals and try fresh tropical fruit. Book a guided group tour.
  • Cu Chi Tunnels - Explore the legendary underground tunnel network used during the Vietnam War.
  • Cao Dai Temple - Marvel at the colorful architecture of this unique temple that blends various faiths.

Insider Tip: Hire a private car or join a shared tour group to visit destinations outside the city.

Safety Tips

Use common sense and take basic precautions in Ho Chi Minh City:

  • Always negotiate taxi and motorbike fares before getting in.
  • Be wary of pickpockets and bag snatchers at crowded sites and markets.
  • Don't leave valuables unattended on cafe or restaurant tables.
  • Look both ways when crossing busy streets. Traffic doesn't always stop for pedestrians.
  • Avoid drinking tap water. Opt for bottled water instead.
  • Carry a business card from your hotel to help taxis find your way back.

Travel Checklist

Pack these essentials for your trip:

  • Passport and Vietnam visa
  • Travel insurance
  • Adaptor to fit Vietnam's 2-prong outlets
  • Face masks (for Covid and pollution)
  • Light, breathable clothing
  • Sturdy walking shoes
  • Mosquito repellent
  • Rain poncho during rainy months
  • Hand sanitizer and disinfecting wipes

And that covers the highlights of my essential Ho Chi Minh City travel guide! Let me know if you have any other questions as you plan your trip to this fascinating Vietnamese city. I love helping fellow travelers get the most out of their visits. Have an amazing time in Ho Chi Minh City!

When is the best time to visit Ho Chi Minh City?

Dry Season (November to April): Pleasant Weather and Sunshine

The best time to visit Ho Chi Minh City is during the dry season, which spans from November to April. During these months, the weather is generally pleasant, and there is abundant sunshine. This period is ideal for exploring the city's attractions, outdoor activities, and enjoying the vibrant atmosphere without the interruption of heavy rainfall.

Shoulder Months (October and May): Less Crowded and Enjoyable

Consider visiting Ho Chi Minh City during the shoulder months of October and May. While these months may experience some transition between the wet and dry seasons, they often offer favorable weather conditions. Additionally, October and May tend to be less crowded compared to the peak tourist months, providing a more relaxed and enjoyable experience.

Factors to Consider

  1. Rainfall: While the dry season is generally rain-free, the shoulder months might experience occasional rain. However, these rain showers are usually short-lived, and you can still enjoy your visit.
  2. Temperature: The temperatures in Ho Chi Minh City remain relatively warm throughout the year. During the dry season, temperatures are comfortable, and even in the shoulder months, the climate is generally agreeable.
  3. Crowds: If you prefer a quieter experience with fewer tourists, visiting during the shoulder months might be more suitable. The popular attractions are likely to be less crowded, allowing you to explore at your own pace.
  4. Events and Festivals: Consider checking if there are any local events or festivals taking place during your intended visit. Participating in cultural events can enhance your overall experience.

the dry season from November to April is traditionally considered the best time to visit Ho Chi Minh City due to the pleasant weather. However, if you prefer a quieter atmosphere and are willing to manage occasional rain showers, the shoulder months of October and May can offer an enjoyable and less crowded experience.

Do I need a visa for Vietnam?

Yes, you may need a visa to enter Vietnam, and the requirements can vary depending on your nationality. Vietnam has different visa policies for different countries, and it's crucial to check the latest information to ensure a smooth entry into the country.

Here are a few general guidelines:

  1. Visa Exemptions: Some countries are exempt from visa requirements for short stays. Citizens of these countries can enter Vietnam for a specified duration without obtaining a visa. However, the exemption period and conditions can vary.
  2. Visa on Arrival (VOA): Vietnam offers a Visa on Arrival option for citizens of certain countries. This allows travelers to obtain a visa upon arrival at specific airports in Vietnam. However, it's essential to arrange this in advance and meet the specified requirements.
  3. E-Visa: Vietnam also offers an E-Visa system, allowing travelers from certain countries to apply for a visa online before their trip. The E-Visa is a single-entry visa, and the application process must be completed before arriving in Vietnam.
  4. Traditional Visa Application: In some cases, especially for longer stays or other specific purposes, you may need to apply for a visa through the Vietnamese embassy or consulate in your home country.

To get the most accurate and up-to-date information about visa requirements and processes, it is recommended to contact the nearest Vietnamese embassy or consulate or check their official website. They can provide guidance based on your nationality, the purpose of your visit, and the latest regulations in place at the time of your travel. It's advisable to start the visa application process well in advance of your planned trip to allow for any processing time that may be required.

How can I get from the airport to the city center?

Taxis: Convenient and Accessible

Taxis are a convenient and readily available option for getting from the airport to the city center. Look for official taxi stands at the airport, and consider using reputable companies to ensure a reliable and safe journey. Most taxis in Ho Chi Minh City operate on a metered system, providing transparency in fare calculation.

Metered Grab Cars: Ride-Hailing Convenience

Using ride-hailing services like Grab is a popular and convenient option in Ho Chi Minh City. Grab cars are metered, and you can book them through a mobile app. This allows you to estimate the fare in advance and enjoy the convenience of cashless transactions.

Public Buses: Budget-Friendly Option

Public buses offer a budget-friendly option for travelers. Several bus routes connect Tan Son Nhat International Airport to various parts of the city. While this option may take longer than taxis or Grab cars, it provides an affordable means of transportation.

Ho Chi Minh City Tourist Card: Unlimited Public Transportation

Consider purchasing a Ho Chi Minh City Tourist Card for unlimited travel on public transportation, including buses. This card can be a cost-effective solution for those planning to explore the city using public transit. Check the availability and coverage of the card to ensure it meets your transportation needs.

Airport Shuttles: Hotel Services

Some hotels offer airport shuttle services for their guests. Check with your accommodation in advance to see if they provide this service. Airport shuttles can provide a hassle-free and direct transfer from the airport to your hotel.

Pre-arranged Transportation: Peace of Mind

For a stress-free arrival, consider pre-arranging transportation with private car services or airport transfer companies. This option provides peace of mind, especially if you're arriving late at night or prefer a more personalized and comfortable journey.

Important Tips:

  • Currency: Have local currency (Vietnamese Dong) on hand for taxi or Grab payments.
  • Traffic Conditions: Be aware of potential traffic congestion, especially during peak hours.
  • Language: It can be helpful to have your destination address written in Vietnamese, as not all drivers may speak English.

Choose the transportation option that aligns with your preferences, budget, and schedule. The variety of choices ensures that you can find a suitable mode of transportation to make your journey from the airport to the city center convenient and enjoyable.

What currency should I use?

The official currency of Vietnam is the Vietnamese Dong (VND). It is recommended to use VND for most transactions, as it is widely accepted throughout the country. Here are some key points regarding currency usage in Vietnam:

  1. Vietnamese Dong (VND): The primary and official currency is the Vietnamese Dong. When you arrive in Vietnam, it's advisable to exchange some of your currency for VND to use for everyday transactions.
  2. ATMs: ATMs are widely available in major cities and tourist areas in Vietnam. They dispense Vietnamese Dong, and using a local ATM to withdraw money is a convenient way to access cash. Check with your bank regarding international transaction fees.
  3. Credit and Debit Cards: While credit and debit cards are accepted in many hotels, restaurants, and larger establishments, it's essential to carry cash, especially in more remote or smaller towns where card acceptance may be limited.
  4. Currency Exchange: You can exchange currency at banks, authorized currency exchange counters, or some hotels. It's advisable to use reputable exchange services to ensure fair rates.
  5. USD and EUR: In some tourist areas, particularly larger cities, some establishments may accept US Dollars (USD) or Euros (EUR). However, it's not a universal practice, and you may receive change in Vietnamese Dong. Using VND for transactions is generally more straightforward and avoids any confusion.
  6. Small Denominations: It's advisable to keep smaller denominations of VND for everyday transactions, as some places may have difficulty providing change for larger bills.
  7. Informal Markets: When shopping in local markets or dealing with street vendors, cash in Vietnamese Dong is the preferred and often the only form of payment.

Before traveling, check with your bank about any foreign transaction fees and inform them of your travel plans to prevent any issues with card usage abroad. Carrying a mix of cash and cards can provide flexibility, ensuring you are well-prepared for various spending situations in Vietnam.

Is it safe to drink the tap water?

In Vietnam, it is generally not recommended to drink tap water directly from the faucet. The tap water may not meet international standards for safety, and there is a risk of contamination that could lead to waterborne illnesses.

To ensure your safety, it is advisable to stick to bottled water for drinking and for use in activities like brushing your teeth. Bottled water is widely available in convenience stores, supermarkets, and from street vendors across Vietnam. Make sure to purchase water from reputable sources and check that the seal is intact.

Additionally, when ordering beverages in restaurants, it's a good practice to request bottled or boiled water. Many restaurants and hotels offer complimentary bottled water to guests.

To further minimize the risk of waterborne illnesses, avoid consuming ice in drinks unless you are certain it has been made from purified water. Opt for hot beverages or drinks served at room temperature to reduce the risk of contamination.

Staying hydrated is essential, especially in Vietnam's warm and humid climate, so make sure to have access to safe drinking water throughout your travels. Taking these precautions with water consumption will contribute to a more enjoyable and healthy experience during your stay in Vietnam.

Explore Ben Thanh Market: A Feast for the Senses

Immerse yourself in the vibrant chaos of Ben Thanh Market, one of Ho Chi Minh City's most iconic landmarks. Navigate through bustling aisles, haggle with friendly vendors for unique souvenirs, and let your senses be captivated by the array of colors, sounds, and aromas. Sample local delicacies such as banh mi, fresh fruits, and flavorful street snacks for an authentic taste of Vietnamese cuisine.

Pay Homage at the Notre Dame Cathedral: Architectural Splendor

Marvel at the exquisite French colonial architecture of Notre Dame Cathedral, standing tall as a symbol of Ho Chi Minh City's diverse heritage. Admire the intricate details of the exterior and step inside to experience the tranquility within. This historic cathedral provides a serene escape and a glimpse into the city's rich cultural tapestry.

Learn About History at the War Remnants Museum: A Sobering Journey

Embark on a poignant journey through the history of the Vietnam War at the War Remnants Museum. Witness powerful exhibits and artifacts that offer a sobering insight into the impact of the war on the Vietnamese people. Gain a deeper understanding of the country's resilience and the challenges faced during this tumultuous period.

Cruise the Cu Chi Tunnels: Underground Intricacies

Explore the Cu Chi Tunnels, an intricate network of underground passages used by Viet Cong soldiers during the Vietnam War. Gain a unique historical perspective as you navigate through narrow tunnels, discover hidden bunkers, and learn about the resourcefulness of the soldiers who called this underground world home.

Experience the Reunification Palace: Witness to History

Step into the Reunification Palace, once the presidential palace of South Vietnam, and delve into the country's tumultuous past. Explore the well-preserved rooms, the command bunker, and the lush gardens surrounding this historic site. The palace stands as a witness to key moments in Vietnamese history and the reunification of North and South Vietnam.

Indulge in Street Food: Culinary Delights

Savor the culinary delights of Ho Chi Minh City's vibrant street food scene. From the aromatic broth of traditional pho and the satisfying crunch of banh xeo to the flavorful fillings of banh mi, the city's diverse street food offerings are a feast for your taste buds. Embrace the local dining culture by sampling these delectable dishes from street vendors and small eateries.

Sip Coffee Like a Local: Ca Phe Sua Da Delight

Take a leisurely break at a traditional Vietnamese coffee shop and immerse yourself in the local coffee culture. Savor the rich and bold flavors of ca phe sua da, a popular iced coffee with sweetened condensed milk. Enjoy the laid-back atmosphere, watch the world go by, and appreciate the aromatic notes of Vietnam's signature brew.

Experience the Rooftop Bar Scene: Sky-high Indulgence

Elevate your evening by experiencing the vibrant rooftop bar scene in Ho Chi Minh City. Head to trendy spots like Chill Skybar or Saigon Skydeck for panoramic city views and refreshing cocktails. Let the city lights become the backdrop as you unwind in a stylish and atmospheric setting high above the bustling streets.

Catch a Water Puppet Show: Traditional Artistry

Immerse yourself in the enchanting world of water puppetry, a traditional Vietnamese art form. Witness intricately carved puppets come to life on water, performing folktales and legends with skillful puppeteers guiding them behind the scenes. The water puppet show provides a captivating glimpse into Vietnam's cultural heritage.

Barter at the Night Market: Cholon's Bustling Bazaar

Embark on a nighttime adventure in Cholon, the city's vibrant Chinatown. Explore the bustling night market and hone your bargaining skills as you hunt for unique souvenirs and local crafts. Discover a plethora of goods, from clothing to trinkets, in this lively and colorful marketplace.

Explore the Mekong Delta: Riverine Serenity

Embark on a boat trip through the lush and picturesque Mekong Delta, a region known for its intricate network of waterways. Visit floating markets, interact with locals, and experience the serene rural way of life. The Mekong Delta offers a tranquil escape from the urban hustle and a glimpse into the authentic charm of southern Vietnam.

Hike to Cao Dai Temple: Syncretic Spirituality

Journey to the Cao Dai Temple and witness the unique architecture adorned with vibrant murals. Cao Dai is a syncretic religion that blends elements of Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, and Christianity. Explore the temple's ornate halls, observe prayer ceremonies, and delve into the fascinating spiritual traditions of this distinctive faith.

Relax on Long Beach: Coastal Serenity

Escape the city bustle and unwind on the pristine shores of Long Beach, a popular resort town near Ho Chi Minh City. Enjoy the sun, sand, and sea as you soak in the coastal serenity. Long Beach offers a tranquil retreat and an opportunity to rejuvenate amidst nature.

Discover the Tunnels of Cu Chi: Underground History

Venture beneath the earth and explore the intricate network of Cu Chi Tunnels, a remarkable historical site used by Viet Cong soldiers during the Vietnam War. Gain insight into the guerrilla warfare tactics employed in these underground passages, showcasing the resilience and resourcefulness of the soldiers.

Visit Ben Tre Province: Mekong Delta Traditions

Immerse yourself in the traditional way of life in the Mekong Delta by exploring the scenic Ben Tre Province. Visit coconut farms, discover local craftsmanship, and experience the authentic charm of the delta's rural landscapes. Engage with the local community and witness the vibrant traditions that define this culturally rich region.

Go up